|Bean common mosaic virus Isolate Exhibits a Novel Pathogenicity Profile in Common Bean, Overcoming the bc-3 Resistance Allele Coding for the Mutated eIF4E Translation Initiation Factor.
|Year of Publication
|Feng, X, Myers, JR, Karasev, AV
|Alleles, Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Disease Resistance, Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E, Genome, Viral, Host-Pathogen Interactions, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Phaseolus, Plant Diseases, Potyvirus, Serotyping, Viral Nonstructural Proteins
Resistance against Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) in Phaseolus vulgaris is governed by six recessive resistance alleles at four loci. One of these alleles, bc-3, is able to protect P. vulgaris against all BCMV strains and against other potyviruses; bc-3 was identified as the eIF4E allele carrying mutated eukaryotic translation initiation factor gene. Here, we characterized a novel BCMV isolate 1755a that was able to overcome bc-2 and bc-3 alleles in common bean. Thus, it displayed a novel pattern of interactions with resistance genes in P. vulgaris, and was assigned to a new pathogroup, PG-VIII. The IVT7214 cultivar supporting the replication of BCMV-1755a was found to have the intact homozygous bc-3 cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences marker and corresponding mutations in the eIF4E allele that confer resistance to BCMV isolates from all other pathogroups as well as to other potyviruses. The VPg protein of 1755a had seven amino acid substitutions relative to VPgs of other BCMV isolates unable to overcome bc-3. The 1755a genome was found to be a recombinant between NL1, US1 (both PG-I), and a yet unknown BCMV strain. Analysis of the recombination patterns in the genomes of NL1 and US1 (PG-I), NY15P (PG-V), US10 and RU1-OR (PG-VII), and 1755a (PG-VIII), indicated that P1/HC-Pro cistrons of BCMV strains may interact with most resistance genes. This is the first report of a BCMV isolate able to overcome the bc-3 resistance allele, suggesting that the virus has evolved mechanisms to overcome multiple resistance genes available in common bean.